Carbon = 0.80-0.94
Manganese = 0.70-1.00
Phosphorus = 0.40
Silicon = 0.50

This chemistry is just a reference, always check the source for exact chemistry.

1084 is a great steel that is often overlooked due to it being considered a beginners steel. It is a great steel for beginners but experienced makers often consider it one of their favorites. It is very easy to heat treat which is one of the main reasons it is so popular and the main reason it is often suggested for beginners. Makers with minimal equipment will come closer to getting the most out of this steel. A consistent heat source, some fast quench oil (Parks #50, Canola, Mineral, etc.) and a little experience is all it takes to make a good knife. It makes good hunters, EDC's, etc.. It also does fairly well for choppers and some people even use it for kitchen knives. It may not be a Super steel but it makes good knives. If you're getting started you can't go wrong by starting with a few bars of 1084.

Heat Treat;
1. Heat to ~1500 degrees F.
2. Quench in oil.
3. Temper twice, for 2 hours each time, anywhere between 350 & 475 depending on the application of the blade.

This is just a starting point, you may need to adjust temps. & times to suit your needs and equipment.


Well-Known Member
Darrin, you're sure doing your job as moderator of this steel forum - GREAT JOB!!!

Ken H>
Darrin, does the oil need to be preheated to a certain temp before quenching? Its pretty cold out in the garage this time of year.

Dennis Morland


Approximately 125-130 degrees - give or take a few degrees.

This does not need to be exact. I personally would not go much over that number.

It depends on the type of oil you're using. If you have a commercial quenchant it will come with a working temp. range and as long as you're within that range you're fine. If you're using Canola, Olive, Mineral oil, etc. you should play with oil temp to see what gives you the best results. 120-130 is a good starting point.