The Story of the Nessmuk Knife

Mike Carter

Well-Known Member
The Nessmuk Knife



George Washington Sears (1821-1890), under the pen name of "Nessmuk," wrote many letters to Forest and Steam magazine in the 1880s. These popularized canoeing, the Adirondack lakes, self-guided canoe camping tours, the open, ultra-light single canoe, and what many today call environmentalism. It was a happy union of technology and art, nature and life.

Sears believed that there were great health benefits from being in the outdoors. Being a rather small and frail man, he also wanted to demonstrate that camping, canoeing and enjoying the outdoors was for everybody and not just the stereotypical rugged he-man types.

Sears wrote a general book on camping, "Woodcraft", in 1884 which has generally remained in print since then. A book of poems, "Forest Runes", appeared in 1887. It has not been republished, and copies are scarce.

Sears was born in Oxford Plains, Mass., Dec. 2, 1821, the oldest of 10 children. A young Narragansett Indian named Nessmuk (meaning "wood drake") befriended him and taught him hunting, fishing, and camping. Later he took that name as his pen name, and also as the name of a couple of his canoes. He often camped and hunted in the then wilderness of Michigan. His family moved to Wellsboro, Penn. in 1848, his home for the rest of his life.

At the age of 59, a little more than 5 feet tall, weighing less than 105 pounds, and weak with acute pulmonary tuberculosis, Sears was so small and weak he investigated ultralight canoes. He persuaded J. Henry Rushton of Canton, N.Y to build him a single canoe he could carry.

Forest and Stream magazine had been founded in New York City by Charles Hallock in 1873. It and Nessmuk had a mutual admiration society and both gained wide readership. The magazine was folded into Field and Stream in 1930.

Nessmuk favored a “trinity” system of cutting tools, his little double bit hatchet of his own design, a light fixed blade and a substantial Moose pattern folder. Nessmuk’s views towards knives are arch-typical of the classic outdoorsmen; he preferred thin knives, keen edges and a useable length. Nessmuk, like other classic outdoorsmen, recognized that a hatchet or small axe was the tool of choice for chopping, and wrote with disfavor of large, thick “Bowie” knives. Instead, a smaller knife designed for cutting efficiency was highly favored.



The Nessmuk knife has recently regained popularity as a great little knife. It's ergonomic shape and deep belly make it a great slicer and many prefer it for food preparation.

The origin of the Nessmuk knife is unknown. The single illustration in "Woodcraft" is the only rendering or specific mention of the knife by Sears. It may not have even existed since as far as I know no original knife has ever been seen or photographed. Sears was known to have knives made to his specifications as was the case with his double bit axe. He had the axe made by a surgical instrument maker named Bushnell in Rochester, NY so there is the possibility he had the knife made there too.

Some people have speculated that the knife was cut down from an Old Hickory butcher knife since the shape is similar and in fact many people do order these knives today to cut them down and reshape the blade to make a Nessmuk knife.



However, Old Hickory knives were not made until 1889, five years after the Nessmuk knife was shown in "Woodcraft".

Based on the only known illustration, we can determine the approximate size in scale to folding knife. The Nessmuk would be approximately 9 inches in overall length with a 5 inch blade. It appears to be a hidden tang with an antler handle.



George "Nessmuk" Sears died in Wellsboro, Penn., May 1, 1890.
He received many honors, including having a mountain in northern Pennsylvania named after him.

 
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Mike Carter

Well-Known Member
Nice knife. Do you have any specs on it?
The knife pictured at the top:
Blade: 416 layer Alabama Damascus, 5 inch long, 1/8 inch thick, 1 5/8 inch wide. Hollow ground, semi polished.
Overall Length: 9 inches.
Handle: Sambar Stag. Nickel silver bolster.
Sheath: Hand sewn, hand carved top grain leather. Brown. Right handed.
Weight: 9.5 oz. with sheath.



From what I can tell, that should be pretty close the the illustration except for the hollow grind and I did not use an antler crown. I have made quite a few Nessmuks. I try to stay close to the overall dimensions but I do a lot of varieties in handles and grinds. I make a lot of full tang versions.
 

Kris Martinelli

Well-Known Member
The knife pictured at the top:
Blade: 416 layer Alabama Damascus, 5 inch long, 1/8 inch thick, 1 5/8 inch wide. Hollow ground, semi polished.
Overall Length: 9 inches.
Handle: Sambar Stag. Nickel silver bolster.
Sheath: Hand sewn, hand carved top grain leather. Brown. Right handed.
Weight: 9.5 oz. with sheath.



From what I can tell, that should be pretty close the the illustration except for the hollow grind and I did not use an antler crown. I have made quite a few Nessmuks. I try to stay close to the overall dimensions but I do a lot of varieties in handles and grinds. I make a lot of full tang versions.
What was the sale price???? :) A knife is no good unless you share it and spread the love!!!!!
 

Mike Carter

Well-Known Member
What was the sale price???? :) A knife is no good unless you share it and spread the love!!!!!
That one sold for $350. Mine usually run between $175 and $400 depending on steel, handle material, sheath etc. I don't have any available right now but I have 6 in the works that will be on my website soon. Of course I always make a custom to your specs.
 

Bennie Lovejoy

Well-Known Member
Not only can we learn about how to make knives,but we also get history lessons on knives as well. Thanks for posting Mike.
 
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